Hydroponics
If hydroponics is understood in easy language, then it should be said that farming is done without soil only with three things.The old method requires a lot of soil but this new method does not require any soil. Compared to the old-method, only 10% water is used in this method to grow a plant.

 Methods of Hydroponic Farming

1.  Wick System
The wick system is the simplest known systemWick system is the only method of hydroponic system which does not use pump and electricity and due to this it is considered to be the cheapest of all. This is the most effective method for small herbs and small gardens.

2.  Water Culture System
Water culture system is also a easy method in hydroponic. In the water culture system, the roots of the plants are put directly into the nutritious water, so that the plant can be grown as soon as possible.

3.  Flood and Drain
This method is mostly used for indoor gardening. First the plant was planted in these beds, then those beds are filled with nutritious water until some of the certain top level goes over them to ensure that the nutritional water does not overflow. In general, all the plants can be grown with this method like carrots plant with roots.

4.  Drip Systems
In this system, with the help of drip and pump, nutritious water is given directly in the plant base and at the end of each tube there is an emitter to ensure that there is no excess water.

5.  Nutrient Film Technology

6. Aeroponic Systems   
 

ADVANTAGES 
Take up 20% less space and 20 times less water.
In this system same water can be used again and again.
No soil test required.
Harvesting is very easy in this system.
 
DISADVANTAGES
Planting back-along in a hydroponics system can be a bit expensive.
There is a lot of need of monitoring all the time in this system.
Growing crops in this way requires a lot of hard work and experts.
If there is a disease in one plant, then all the plants can be infected with this system. 

Hydroculture

In these days, hydroponics has become very much in trend, hydro culture is also the same, only there is some disparity in both. In hydroponics nutritious water is used whereas in hydro culture, aggregate clay is used. Clay aggregate refers to small pieces of clay that are first heated to high temperature to form air pockets in them. Due to these reasons, in this method, the roots can easily get water and air with which the roots are healthy and for a long time.

 Benefits from Hydro culture·      I
In this method there is very little or negligible risk of fungus gnats, which is much higher in ground based fields.·      
These require less water as compared to plants attached to common land because these have pocket air in silt. 
 Hydroponics plantsHerbal PlantsWondering if you can grow fresh herbs at home, yes it is possible they are peppermint, green mint, oregano, Basil, lemon Balm etc. 
Vegetable PlantsIt is difficult to believe that vegetables can be grown even without soil, but there are some vegetables that can also be grown in aggregate clay and nutritious water they are Tomatoes, Cucumber, Celery, peppers, Spinach Lettuce etc Ornamental Plants
Why only vegetables and herbs, many indoor ornamental plants can also be grown with the help of this that are Devil’s Ivy, Arrowhead Vine, Philodendron, Peace Lily, Chinese Money plant, Female Dragon, Chinese evergreen, Spider plant                    

 Methods of Hydroponic Farming

1.  Wick System
The wick system is the simplest known system Wick system is the only method of hydroponic system which does not use pump and electricity and due to this it is considered to be the cheapest of all. This is the most effective method for small herbs and small gardens.

Water Culture System
Water culture system is also a easy method in hydroponic. In the water culture system, the roots of the plants are put directly into the nutritious water, so that the plant can be grown as soon as possible.

  3.  Flood and Drain
This method is mostly used for indoor gardening. First the plant was planted in these beds, then those beds are filled with nutritious water until some of the certain top level goes over them to ensure that the nutritional water does not overflow. In general, all the plants can be grown with this method like carrots plant with roots

4. Drip Systems
In this system, with the help of drip and pump, nutritious water is given directly in the plant base and at the end of each tube there is an emitter to ensure that there is no excess water.

Nutrient Film Technology

6. Aeroponic Systems

ADVANTAGES 
Take up 20% less space and 20 times less water.
In this system same water can be used again and again.
No soil test required.
Harvesting is very easy in this system.
 
DISADVANTAGES
Planting back-along in a hydroponics system can be a bit expensive.
There is a lot of need of monitoring all the time in this system.
Growing crops in this way requires a lot of hard work and experts.
If there is a disease in one plant, then all the plants can be infected with this system. 

Hydroculture

In these days, hydroponics has become very much in trend, hydro culture is also the same, only there is some disparity in both. In hydroponics nutritious water is used whereas in hydro culture, aggregate clay is used. Clay aggregate refers to small pieces of clay that are first heated to high temperature to form air pockets in them. Due to these reasons, in this method, the roots can easily get water and air with which the roots are healthy and for a long time.

 Benefits from Hydro culture·     
In this method there is very little or negligible risk of fungus gnats, which is much higher in ground based fields.·      
These require less water as compared to plants attached to common land because these have pocket air in silt. 
 Hydroponics plantsHerbal PlantsWondering if you can grow fresh herbs at home, yes it is possible they are peppermint, green mint, oregano, Basil, lemon Balm etc. 
Vegetable PlantsIt is difficult to believe that vegetables can be grown even without soil, but there are some vegetables that can also be grown in aggregate clay and nutritious water they are Tomatoes, Cucumber, Celery, peppers, Spinach Lettuce etc Ornamental Plants
Why only vegetables and herbs, many indoor ornamental plants can also be grown with the help of this that are Devil’s Ivy, Arrowhead Vine, Philodendron, Peace Lily, Chinese Money plant, Female Dragon, Chinese evergreen, Spider plant